F-J - Glossary

Green Tomato Extract

Green tomato extract is a source of nicotine and “nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists”. Certain supplement marketers claim it enhances muscle growth, although there is zero science to back this...

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Ferulic Acid

Also known as 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy cinnamic acid. Ferulic acid is a polyphenolic constituent of plant cell walls.  It’s abundant in whole grains, fruits and some vegetables.  It’s a potent antioxidant in-vitro, although its dietary bioavailability may be limited. Ferulic acid and its derivatives have potential therapeutic applications against diseases such as cancer and diabetes, but human clinical trials are lacking....

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Glycine

Also known as aminoacetic acid.  Glycine is the smallest amino acid, and is non-essential.  Beyond its role as a building block for protein synthesis, glycine functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter.  There is limited evidence that suggests supplemental glycine may improve sleep quality, help stimulate growth hormone release, and treat degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis. See...

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Isomaltulose

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Formestane

Also known as 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione).  An irreversible, “suicide” inhibitor of the aromatase enzyme (responsible for the conversion of androgens to estrogens).  Originally developed as a treatment for breast cancer, formestane is now sold as a bodybuilding supplement, and used primarily for estrogen control/post-cycle...

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Green Coffee Bean Extract

An extract made from green, unroasted coffee beans.  Green coffee bean extract is rich in chlorogenic acid, which has anti-hypertensive, vasorelaxing, antioxidant and hypoglycemic effects in humans and/or animals.  Green coffee bean extract has also been demonstrated to have fat/weight loss effects in mice, and – according to a manufacturer’s in-house study – may assist with fat loss in humans, as well. Green coffee...

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