A-E - Page 2 of 19 - Glossary

Bilberry Extract

Produced from the fruit of Vaccinium myrtillus—a shrub closely related to blueberry. Bilberries are rich in anthocyanosides—flavonoid pigments responsible for the fruit’s deep blue/violet color. Berry anthocyanins have been shown to have anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic activities. Bilberry extracts specifically have been shown to have vasoprotective, myeloprotective and possible chemopreventive effects. There is...

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Cascara Extract

Also known as Cascara Sagrada (“sacred bark”). An extract of the bark of Rhamnus purshiana, a species of Buckthorn native to North America. Cascara is used as an herbal laxative: the active compounds (“cascarosides”) stimulate the lower intestine and promote contractions.  Although Cascara is used in a number of over-the-counter “cleansing” and “detox” supplements, the FDA does not...

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Bromelain

A proteolytic (protein-digesting) enzyme found in pineapple.  Bromelain has a variety of medicinal uses.  When taken with food, it can assist with digestion.  When taken on an empty stomach, however, bromelain can help accelerate wound healing and reduce inflammation. See “Bromelain Benefits and Side Effects” for more...

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Curcuma longa Extract

A perennial plant belonging to the ginger family.  Dried Curcuma longa is used as a spice: turmeric.  Turmeric is also used in Asian folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent, as well as for “indigestion, hepatitis, jaundice, diabetes, atherosclerosis and bacterial infections“.  The best-researched component of turmeric is curcumin, which has therapeutic potential for treating/preventing cancer, Alzheimer’s and...

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Black Cohosh

Botanical name(s): Cimicifuga racemosa or Actaea racemosa.  Black cohosh is a perennial plant that is a member of the buttercup family.  Rhizome extracts are used to treat symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, anxiety and depression. Clinical studies, however, are conflicting: some demonstrate benefits, while others don’t. For more information, see: “Black Cohosh, Benefits and Side...

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Curcumin

A polyphenolic compound (“curcuminoid”) found in the spice turmeric.  Curcumin has antioxidant activity in-vivo, as well as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects.  Curcumin is viewed as a promising compound for the prevention/treatment of various diseases (including CVD and Alzheimer’s disease), but its therapeutic potential may be limited by poor oral bioavailability. Methods to improve delivery are currently...

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