A-E - Glossary

Cluster Dextrin®

A “highly-branched cyclic dexrin” produced from amylopectin (a type of starch) by Ezaki Glico Co., Ltd. Cluster Dextrin is a highly soluble, high molecular weight carbohydrate marketed as a food additive and carb source for sports...

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Diosmin

A citrus bioflavonoid closely related to hesperidin. Diosmin is used extensively in Europe to treat chronic venous insufficiency, hemorrhoids and varicose veins. Diosmin also has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and (experimental) antitumor activities. Chemical name:...

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ATD

Also known as 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione. ATD is an aromatase inhibitor included in various bodybuilding supplements designed to reduce estrogen and boost natural testosterone.  ATD has been used extensively in zoological investigations (“Influence of gonadal hormones on the development of parental behavior in adult virgin prairie voles” is a representative title)—but human data is lacking.  The only relevant...

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Bitter Melon

Also known as “Bitter Gourd”.  Bitter Melon (Momordica chirantia) is used as both a food and traditional medicine in Asia/Southeast Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Bitter melon has hypoglycemic effects, due to the ability of various components to inhibit alpha-glucosidase activity (which slows carbohydrate digestion), improve insulin signalling and reduce insulin resistance. Other elements have anti-tumor and anti-viral...

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Berberine

A natural plant alkaloid, derived from the Chinese herb Coptis chinensis; also found in Barberry, Goldenseal, Phellodendron and Oregon Grape extracts.  In alternative medical systems, berberine is used to control diarrhea and treat infections.  Various in-vitro and animal studies have shown it has anti-microbial, anti-tumor, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective...

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Aminoacetic Acid

See...

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