A-E - Page 3 of 19 - Glossary

CDP-Choline

Cytidine 5-diphosphocholine; also known as “citicoline”.  A bioavailable source of choline and precursor to the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (cell membrane phospholipid)and acetylcholine (neurotransmitter).  Like alpha-glycerophosphocholine, CDP-choline has neuroprotective and cognitive effects, with potential therapeutic applications for stroke, senile dementia and Alzheimer’s...

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Aminogen®

A proprietary proteolytic enzyme preparation produced by Triarco Industries which is added to protein supplements to improve digestion/absorption.  According to the manufacturer’s own studies, however, relatively large doses (2.5–5g) are needed to make a significant impact.  This is more than is typically added to most commercial protein supplements.

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Caralluma fimbriata

An Indian cactus typically eaten as a vegetable.  Caralluma fimbriata also has a reputation as a hunger/appetite suppressant and is used as “famine food” in rural India.  This is why extracts are used in a number of weight loss supplements.  Caralluma fimbriata also contains a range of pregnane glycosides which allegedly interfere with the body’s ability to accumulate body fat (the proposed mechanism is similar to...

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Diosgenin

Diosgenin is a plant steroid found in certain medicinal herbs, such as wild yam and fenugreek.  It’s a plant steroid that bears some resemblance to human sex steroids, and can serve as a precursor for their synthesis, but the necessary conversion steps take place only in the laboratory – not the human body.  Although diosgenin has potential medical uses (such as reducing serum cholesterol), it does not have any known...

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Dioscorea villosa

See Wild Yam.

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Dicaffeine Malate

A delivery form of caffeine used in a number of fat loss supplements.  Dicaffeine malate is alleged to be easier on the stomach than caffeine, as well as more effective – due to the role that malate plays in energy production (it’s a Citric Acid Cycle intermediate).  There is no proof of either claim,...

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